Named for the first suburb/faubourg of the city, St. Mary Market (located on Tchoupitoulas
on the neutral ground between North and South Diamond streets) was constructed in 1822 (a year before the French
Market Vegetable Market). The first section of it was designed by Joseph Pilie in the style of the French Market and
built by Mitchell and Lemoine. It was 165 feet long and cost $22,000 to construct. Additions were attached in
1830 and 1836 which doubled the size of the market which then extended along the Diamond Street neutral ground. This
is near the location of what is now the New Orleans Convention Center.
1836 Reports of the Commissary of the St. Mary Market tell us that on October 27, 1836: "The bread has been
weighed by me this morning, and the weight was correct. Nothing else of importance to be reported to you this date, everything
has been going on very well during the market hours."
1858 a city ordinance provided for the removal of the first St. Mary's Market at the junction of Annunciation and Tchoupitoulas
Streets. By 1865 the first St. Mary's Market had moved to Tchoupitoulas, between North and South Market
streets extending to the river with its large (400 by 42 foot) brick structure supported by iron columns, and plastered with
a slate roof. It was then valued at $170.000. The city government created a general Central Depot for the
wholesale trading of vegetables in the City of New Orleans, and designated St. Mary's Market as such in 1879. In 1890
the city surveyor proposed a plan for improvement of the market between Tchoupitoulas & South Peters streets.
In 1903 it was valued at only $20,000.
1864 photograph below is believed to be of the original St. Mary's Market. By the 1870s the large market was not 2/3
occupied as the population was shifting upriver.