Makin' Groceries in New Orleans


The Public Markets
1800s - 1830s
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The Picayune’s Creole Cook Book (revised and reprinted regularly in the following decades by the Times-the Picayune newspaper staff) was first published in 1900 and still serves as an important culinary guide for locals and historians
A 1900 city ordinance regulated the governing of private markets and prohibited the sale of oysters in public markets, and meat and vegetables in stores within 3200 ft. of the markets.  Photo -- The oyster lugger landing on the riverfront between St. Phillip and Hospital (now Governor Nicholls) Streets, ca. 1900. The oystermen signaled their arrival at the wharves by blowing on conch shells. [Louisiana Photograph Collection. C. Milo Williams Collection]

1900 To establish a public market in the Second District in square bounded by Broad, Toulouse, Moss, and St. Philip Streets.

1900 To establish a public market house in the Fifth District within a radius bounded by Homer, Eliza, Elmira, and Teche Streets.

From the New Orleans Public Library:
The Picayune's Guide to New Orleans for 1900 included this sketch of Sunday in the French Market, and its commentary described the typical turn-of-the-century scene:
The market is open daily between 5 a.m. and 12 a.m., but Sunday morning, between 8 and 9, is the best time to visit it. Every stranger goes to see the French Market. There is no more remarkable or characteristic spot in New Orleans. Under its roof every language is spoken. The buyers and sellers are men and women of all races. The French Market comprehends four distinct and separate divisions, each under a special roof. These divisions are the "Meat Market," the "Fish Market," the "Fruit" and "Vegetable" markets. Around these various markets is a fringe of fruit stalls and coffee stands. . . . These are the celebrated coffee stands sung in song and story, where a delicious cup of cafe noir,' or cafe au lait,' may be obtained at all hours, and with this cup of Creole coffee is served a peculiar wafer-like pastry called coffee-cake.' . . . The French Market is a great promenade of a Sunday morning for the Creole belles and beaux, after they have heard mass at the old Cathedral.
All in all, the description is not so terribly out-of-date after 100 years! Photo

1901 To prevent competition with public markets, the city enacts a law prohibiting private grocery stores from opening within nine blocks of a market.

1901 Largest Rice market in the world

Pilie Market - 1505 NCS 1902 Bounded by North and South Poydras, S. Rampart and S. Basin Streets. Providing for the removal and re-erecting in three different locations.

1902 Accepting bid for erection of market house in square bounded by Burgundy, Touro, Rampart and Bourbon Streets.

Lauteuschlaeger Market - 1597 NCS 1903 Providing that market being erected at Touro Street and Burgundy Avenue, be known as Lauteuschlaeger Market.

1902 Largest Banana market in the world

1903 electrical lighting at several markets

1903 Market Assessement Values:
$50000 –    French Meat, French Vegetable
$25000 – Pilie, French Fish,
$10000 – French Fruit
$1500 – Guilliote
1903 Largest Sugar and Cottonseed Market in the World
1905 Prohibiting the sale of fish after being inspected and condemned by the Board of Health.
The meat section of the French Market, ca. 1905. In the photograph Romain Dartois, a French native who lived in New Orleans for eighteen years prior to his death in 1911, poses in his stall with a number of his fellow butchers. [Louisiana Photograph Collection]
1905 Frenchman Jean Galatoire opens Galatoire’s Restaurant at 209 Bourbon Street.

1906 Regulating the sale of shrimps and crabs in the markets of the city after certain hours
1906 Authorizing for sale at public auction the privilege of erecting a public market within the boundaries of Dauphine, Egania, Burgundy, and Reynes Streets.
petition by Residents and property owners, lower 9th Ward Extend boundary limits of public market
3/13/1906 3/16/1906 petition by Residents and property holders, 9th Ward, 3rd District Build market Flood, Dauphine, Royal and Jordan square «/1906
Dauphine, 5200  plan Public Market October 9, 1906

1907 Authorizing sale at public auction the privilege of erecting a market in the 6th District.
1907 Authorizing sale of franchise of erecting public market in square bounded by St. Maurice Avenue, Chartres, Douglas and Tricou Streets. See also 4796 NCS. Markets in General Without Names
4797 NCS 1907 Authorizing public sale of privilege of erecting a public market in the area bounded by Prieur, Miro, Painters and Port Streets.
1907 Authorizing sale at public auction the privilege of erecting a market in the 6th District.

The Poydras Playground, opened on May 16, 1908 by the Outdoor Art Association, was located on the site of the old Pilie Market.

From the New Orleans Public Library: photo

Public Market in the Fifteenth Ward [in the vicinity of Teche, Slidell, Elmira, and Diana]
1909 1909 Authorizing public sale of privilege of erecting a public market in the area bounded by Teche, Slidell, Elmira, and Diana Streets. Upon completion and acceptance of construction work the land and building to become city property, with right to the adjudicatee to revenues for 25 years. Site to be approved before erection.
1909 Authorizing public sale of franchise of erecting a public market in the area bounded by Roman, Johnson, Painters and Port Streets.
1909 Placing the collection of market revenues under control of the City Treasurer.

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Unless otherwise noted, the photographs on this website are from the Louisiana Digital Library.

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