Makin' Groceries in New Orleans


The Public Markets
1800s - 1830s
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The Original Fabacher’s Restaurant, Oyster House and Hotel by J. Earl Rogers, publisher, ca. 1910 (94-743-RL)

petition Ruch, Herbert H. License for refrigerator or ice-box in Poydras Market Side of market facing S. Poydras between Baronne and Dryades 7/27/1909 7/29/1909

1910 Amending Ord. 4155 to provide that no fresh meat shall be brought into a market before 1:00 AM, nor left on stand or hanging up after closing at night.

Dryades, 1500 plan

Public Market
July 24, 1911
Architect Unknown

1911 The 34th, and last, of the city’s public markets opens.

Dryades, 1500 plan
Public Market
July 24, 1911
Architect Unknown

1911 Old Dryades torn down replaced with $60,000 structure which included refrigeration plant

Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, smaller markets sprang up across the city. By the time the last went up in 1911, New Orleans boasted more than 30 publicly owned markets, more than any other large American city.

Public markets bolstered a healthy urban infrastructure: a new market typically attracted satellite shops and served as a keystone in the creation of a thriving business district.

Buy Your Groceries at the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (Incorporated): 2038 Magazine Street New Orleans: Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, 1911


Public Market in the rear of the Third Ward [in the vicinity of Banks, Baudin, Alexander & Murat] 1912

1912 markets under jurisdicition of the Department of Public Property

Delamore Market Providing for the sale of a franchise to the site of Delamore Market for the purpose of erecting a new market. Old market destroyed by storm Sept. 1915.

Bazaar Market seriously damaged by the 1915 hurricane.

From the New Orleans Public Library:
Jefferson Market (1916) photo - Another proud accomplishment of the Behrman administration was the construction of a number of new public markets. "These markets," the 1916 volume says, "are designed to give the maximum of cleanliness and sanitation as well as freedom from flies and other contaminating insects and are of steel frame construction to insure stability and durability." This photograph shows the Jefferson Market, Magazine Street and General Pershing, under construction by the H.W. Bond Co. The market was remodeled in 1932, and at the ceremonies celebrating its reopening, the Times-Picayune Commissioner Fred Earhart deplored "the chain stores policy of sending their money outside the city and urged support of home merchants." Times apparently haven't changed so drastically after all. The building, designed by City Architect E.A. Christy, now houses the gymnasium of St. George's Episcopal School.

1917 The legendary Begué’s Restaurant closes after having been in operation for more than 35 years.

Jefferson Market
4210 CCS
1917 Authorizing plans and specifications and advertisement for bids for the constructin of the Jefferson Market, which was destroyed by the storm.

1918 Frenchman “Count” Arnaud Cazenave opens Arnaud’s Restaurant at 813 Bienville Street.


1919 Piggly-Wiggly, America’s first national self-serve grocery chain—founded in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1916—appears for the first time in a New Orleans City Directory, with seven franchise locations.

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Unless otherwise noted, the photographs on this website are from the Louisiana Digital Library.

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