New Orleans City Park (Images of America)

~The Bayou, Road, Oaks, and Native Americans: 1400-1769~

When Columbus “discovered America” oaks we still enjoy in City Park were nearly full grown – the Anseman Oak is the oldest and largest. When the Canadian Le Moyne brothers explored Louisiana, Iberville thought the Mississippi River was not navigable but Bienville continued to explore it and learned from the natives that a bayou and a road had long been used for trade between Biloxi, Mississippi and New Orleans – their route moved them from Biloxi to the Mississippi/Breton Sound to Lake Borgne to Lake Pontchartrain, to Bayou St. John, down the road, and to the river. Traveling up the river was a daunting task on sailing ships but that problem had been solved – use the Indian route instead.

The natives also showed Bienville a log bridge across the bayou, islands in the swamp surrounding it, huge moss-laden cypress trees, palmetto, reeds, and grasses. Along the steadily rising bank of the bayou were the oak, persimmon, pecan, cherry, acacia, and sweet gum trees which would grace City Park – the bayou would become its eastern border. The first known people to settle there were the Chapitoulas who lived in cypress huts which were abandoned and then used by the Biloxi tribe The Houmas also settled along the bayou. The Acolapissa tribe named the adjoining bayou (which would be known as Bayou Metairie) “Bayou Choupic” for the mud fish which inhabited it.

A handful of colonists under French Rule (1699—1769) settled there to grow indigo, corn, and sugar cane. Bayou St. John would become a major port of New Orleans until railroads and steam engines made it possible to easily ply up the Mississippi but the bayou was navigable until 1936 when the WPA added low bridges. In 1982 Bayou St. John was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and recognized as an Historic & Scenic River (which requires protection and preservation ) by the Louisiana Legislature.

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~The Bayou, Road, Oaks, and Native Americans: 1400-1769~
~Plantation to Peristyle: 1770-1907~
~Expansion and Modernization: 1908-1928~
~The New Deal: 1929-1939~
~Children & Friends: 1940-2004~
~Rebirth: 2005-2010~
~The People Behind the Names: Donors, Benefactors, and Patrons~
Photo Gallery

The images in this book appear courtesy of the New Orleans Public Library (NOPL), Louisiana Digital Library (LDL), the Library of Congress (LOC), The Historic New Orleans Collection (HNOC), Pictometry International (PI), and D.C. "Infrogmation" May (DCM). Unless otherwise noted, images are from the author's collection.

A portion of the proceeds from the sale of this book is dedicated to Friends of City Park.

Contact Catherine Campanella